Dec 19, 2017

Poverty Rates and Median Household Income Differ in Rapid City and Sioux Falls

Divergent trends in median household income and poverty rates occurred in two of South Dakota’s metropolitan areas, according to federal data. While poverty rates declined and median household incomes increased in the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the opposite was true in the Rapid City MSA.

Rapid City Metropolitan Area

Alongside a rise in poverty rates in the Rapid City MSA—comprised by Custer, Meade and Pennington Counties—median household incomes declined. In 2015, the median household income for the Rapid City MSA was $53,477. In 2016, the median household income level dropped to $51,097. The largest drop in median income occured in Custer County, where median household incomes declined by $3,763, from $54,996 in 2015 to $51,223 in 2016. Similar declines occurred in Meade and Pennington County, which can be viewed in the table below:

Median Household Income
   Meade Custer Pennington
2015 $55,218 $54,996 $52,878
2016  $53,976 $51,223 $51,508


Poverty Rates
   Meade Custer Pennington
2015  9.9% 10.7% 12.2%
2016  9.9% 10.6% 14.5%

The increase in poverty rates and decline in incomes for the Rapid City MSA were opposite the trends seen across the state and its metropolitan areas in 2016. Statewide, the poverty rate fell slightly from 13.7% in 2015 to 13.3% in 2016. Median household incomes increased from $53,668 to $54,467 during the same timeframe. Additionally, the Sioux Falls and Sioux City MSAs saw slight decreases in poverty from 2015 to 2016.

Sioux Falls Metropolitan Area

The poverty rate in the Sioux Falls MSA dropped from 11.5% in 2015 to 8.9% in 2016. Median household incomes also increased from $60,602 in 2015 to $63,931 in 2016. Similar decreases in poverty and increases in median household incomes were true in the counties comprising the Sioux Falls MSA:

Median Household Income
   Lincoln McCook Minnehaha Turner
 2015  $78,522 $57,096 $56,309 $54,819
 2016  $84,610 $58,975 $60,244 $58,802


Poverty Rates
   Lincoln McCook Minnehaha Turner
 2015  4.3% 9.5% 12.2% 10.0%
 2016  3.7% 10.0% 9.9% 9.2%




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