Population growth on Indian reservations appears to have slowed since some notable growth from 2000-2010.
Population growth on Indian reservations appears to have slowed since some notable growth from 2000-2010.
South Dakota Dashboard chart
Aug 6, 2015

SD's Indian Reservation Counties Show Modest Growth or Declines in Population

Most of South Dakota's nine American Indian reservations have grown only modestly in population or experienced population declines from 2013 to 2014, according to recently updated federal data.

All of Oglala Lakota County is part of the Pine Ridge Reservation, and that county has grown by fewer than 100 residents each year since 2010 and grew by 0.4 percent between 2013 and 2014. That county's population stood at 14,218 in 2014, up from 13,586 in 2000, according to the U.S. Census.

The Pine Ridge Reservation is home to the largest population of any of South Dakota's reservations, at 18,834 in 2010, the most recent year federal data is available for entire reservations. The Pine Ridge Reservation grew 21.3 percent between 2000 and 2010. Other counties that contain part of the Pine Ridge Reservation are Jackson County (up 1.3 percent from 2013 to 2014) and Bennett County (down 0.6 percent from 2013 to 2014).

While Oglala Lakota County's story has been one of slow but steady growth, other reservation counties have declined. Reservation counties that lost population between 2013 and 2014, according to the U.S. Census, include:

  • Corson County (Standing Rock Reservation) – Down 1.1 percent to 4,182.

  • Todd County (Rosebud Reservation)– Down 1.0 percent to 9,882.

  • Moody County (Flandreau-Santee Reservation) – Down 0.8 percent to 6,367.

  • Ziebach County (Cheyenne River Reservation) – Down 0.3 percent to 2,826.

 

At the same time, one reservation county – Buffalo County – is South Dakota's fourth-fastest growing county. The population increased 2.2 percent from 2013 to 2014 to 2,077. Buffalo County is home to much of the Crow Creek Sioux Reservation.

Other reservation counties that grew from 2013 to 2014 are listed below:

  • Dewey County (Cheyenne River Reservation) – Up 1 percent to 5,662.

  • Charles Mix County (Yankton Sioux Reservation) – Up 0.8 percent to 9,287.

  • Roberts County (Lake Traverse Reservation) – Up 0.7 percent to 10,374.

 

American Indians comprised 8.9 percent of South Dakota's population in 2014, and many live outside of reservations. Therefore, reservation populations do not necessarily reflect the status of the state's entire American Indian population. 

 

Related items

  • South Dakota Dashboard Launches New Beta Data Visualizations

    We've been listening! At the South Dakota Dashboard we continually brainstorm how our website can best serve the data users of South Dakota. Over the…
  • November is National Native American Heritage Month

    Native American Heritage Month was first established in 1990 by President George H.W. Bush. Since then, the month-long celebration has been reauthorized annually by each American…
  • How Do You Use the South Dakota Dashboard? Your Opinion Matters!

    The Bush Foundation, in partnership with the South Dakota Dashboard, is studying the outcomes and impact of three community information and data projects across South…
  • South Dakota‚Äôs Metropolitan Populations Increased from 2015-2016

    South Dakota’s population grew by 0.9 percent between July 2015 and July 2016, ranking the state 14th among the fastest growing states in the nation,…
  • 2011-2015 Estimates Released for South Dakota City Profiles

    The South Dakota Dashboard’s City Profiles have recently been updated with 2011-2015 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. The new data provide…

525 University Loop, Suite 202
Rapid City, SD 57701
(605) 716-0058   [email protected]